Occupational Choice and Vocational Guidance:

Career Choice
Career Choice

The Professional or Occupational Choice: The Role and Importance of Career Counselor:

By Sajjad Amin Bangash

A” Profession” can be described as ‘any specific work, employment or act which is being carried out by any individual socially and economically inclined to the most liked pursuance in the childhood and the satisfaction of that pursuance in the later stages of life.’ For example, a person likes to attain the dominance over others and tended to satisfy those self possessed stimulus, he opts to become army or police officer. The profession not only reveals the inbound ideological concepts but also gives identification to any individual in a given society. Just few decades ago, the youth were quite aware about the selection of their desired professions since; they would follow their parental adopted professions. However; today’s fast forward and technology lade time has diversified the professional spheres for every individual. In the lights of under mentioned 04 key aspects can guide any individual to select and opt for the best aspiring profession.

  1. Does an individual have that capacitated ability to select his/her desired profession?
  2. Does his/her parents allow with their consents to choose the most preferred profession?
  3. Do his friends give equal respect to his profession?
  4. Will his preferred profession give high status in the society?
Career Prospects
Career Prospects

The factors which impact the decision process of choosing a profession in a society i.e.

  • Social and Economical Factors:

Every society consists of three layers of economic classes’ i.e., Upper Class, Middle Class, and the Poor class.

Various professions carry different distinctions and prominence in every class of a society. For instance, one particular profession might be regarded well in a particular section while, the same profession will not be considered that equally good rated in another section of society. Therefore, the economic distinctions of class difference in a society, provides the ‘monetary stimulus’ for professional choices.

Those people, who prefer to adopt any profession against the norms or likes of society, face several challenges in their existing society. For instance, if a person from upper class wants to become a chauffeur or sells ice cream or any odd job then the members of his own class will show their annoyance or aversion. Similarly, if a person starts doing a low-paid job, his parents will always negate his choice of choosing this profession for his earning couldn’t meet their daily household expenditures. On the other hand, if a person opts to choose a profession superior to his social circle, majority of the people would criticize since; they will now feel inferior to him in many ways.

A common trend in Pakistan is that, a boy’s primary role is to earn and responsible for the financial look after the family and that he is entitled to have a ‘distinctive role’ in a society. Therefore, he has to be given ‘a potent economical protection’ so that he can effectively fulfill all the economic needs of his family while, the girl’s role is just to stay in home, get married and look after the affairs of a house. The society likes to see a woman in ‘a mother or wife’s role’, and earning becomes a secondary responsibility of a woman. Thus, women rely on their husbands professions. In modern time, women in Pakistan are providing with adequate employment opportunities and on a public sector level, several employment quotas are allocated for women as well.

All those professions which are more physical intensive are specified for men while, women are preferred to adopt the jobs which required low physical intensity or and are lightweight labor intensive. Irrespective to this gender distinction in professional preferences, women should be given equal opportunities to contribute their mental, physical and psychological contribution so that they don’t feel any ‘gender distinction at all levels.’ Luckily, this trend is continuously growing as more and more women are coming forward and choosing the professions which were once considered to be ‘men’s oriented.’

  • The Family Influence:

In the process of selection and choosing a profession, generally family carries a great influence on individuals such as parents, siblings, elders thinking, likes and dislikes, behavioral influence to a larger extend etc. normally, it is commonly perceived that a son of a labor will be a labor but, if his/her parents would ever want to give him/her education and if he/her is taking keen interest in education, then after getting education, the son of a labor can reach up to a higher status job as often to heroic figure i.e., Prime Minister etc. Real life examples are Nelson Mandela, South African President, Nirender Moody, the Indian Prime Minister who was said to be the ‘tea seller’, Nicola Sturgeon, the First Minister of Scotland who belongs to ordinary family of Scotland. Some of the boys influenced by their fathers’ profession adopt that profession such as if a father was a banker; his son/s will probably choose to become banker/s, politician children follow suit their father and pursue a career in politics etc. or in order to fulfill their mothers’ expectations adopt their fathers’ professions.

Parallel to this, the career choice is largely dependent on the dual nurturing and mental grooming of a mother. If the employment or career is best liked or preferred by a mother, then the children will further solidify their mental maturity to a level to adopt a desired profession. Mother’s positive or negative inclination towards a particular profession also reflect reciprocal effects on her children’s attitude, achievement, output and ultimate earnest desire attitude towards a particular profession. The mother’s satisfaction towards a specific profession will ultimately influence her children’s attitude regarding their adaptability of profession and working behavior. If a mother, wife fulfills all of her domestic and professional responsibilities diligently and efficiently, then her daughter/s will definitely keep a positive attitude towards her employment. Domestic tensions or resentment by a mother towards certain profession gives birth to negative behavior in children’s minds towards particular profession.

Mother's Role
Mother’s Role

Research suggests that all those working women play a vital role in making her children more independence and mentally stable since, they understand and guide their children the real teachings of self-protection and self dependency so that they become more independent in their entire life and properly rely on their social and economical self dependency and confidence. Similarly, when the father exerts good liberal leniency to his daughter’s educational, career counseling and professional development, this systematically yields productive effects on the relationship between father and his daughter/s which will further solidify girl’s self-esteem, self-confidence and prospects for her choice in choosing a suitable career for the rest of her life and become an independent member for her family and society as a whole.


  • The effects and importance of sequence of births among sibling:

What an individual may opt to have a profession and what’s his/her overall tendency or behavior towards a particular occupation is largely related to the sequence of births among siblings which means to what number a person is born among his/her siblings and what importance is given to him/her. Most often, parents attitude and behavior is varied to each of their child. Usually, it is found out in research that, he eldest child remains the center of attraction and attention to the parents and their expectations from first child is comparatively higher. Therefore, they deem it more important that their first child may get high quality of education, upbringing, care and eventually adopt a qualitative profession or employment which will later become the source of inspiration, role model, guide his/her younger siblings or effectively control them in a corrective manner.

  • Personal inbound talent and interests:

Every individual is born with unique natural instinct and talent while the individual’s personal inbound talent, interests and future prospects are largely correlated with the aspiring profession. All those people who are highly interested and inclined towards ‘fine arts and creativity intrinsic’ professions do consider themselves to be more ‘imaginative, creative, conceptually ingrained, sensitive, outspoken, non-traditional, excited, rebel and non-practical’. While on the contrary to that all those people who tend to take more interest in ‘scientific and technical’ related professions, tend to be more analytical, curious, courageous, quiet, and scholarly.’

Those people, who always remain pessimist or fear of failure in life, remain under the shadow of failure and inferiority complex, thus, opt for lesser rewarding careers. Usually, the young people often lack the insightful understanding of such stimulus in their teenage lifespan which assist them in adopting a suitable career for them and they keep a ‘stereo type’ foresightedness in regards to a career or occupational choice. They are always sunk in ‘imaginative dream world’ and get relish with it. Engineers or scientists are said to be highly intelligent, inventors and very hard working during early age of their lives. On the other hand, a common concept about accountants is that they appear to be ever bored soft spoken, unimaginative and every time, busy in counting.

However, these incorrect and false misconceptions and myths regarding careers choice and selection misguide the students and aspirant career pursuant. In developed countries, for the ‘Occupational choice and Vocational Guidance’, and information regarding various fields, the educational institutions provide such services in different career counseling centers.

  • The values of professionalism and the effects of social change in a society.
Career Counseler
Career Counseler

Generally, in modern time, several youngsters feel hesitant in adopting traditional forms of professions while they view some  of the professions which oblige them on bribery, illicit profiteering, and they also view some of the professions which kill their inbound natural talents, and self expression, and they work like machines repeatedly hence; not to adopt them.

However; it is deemed important for every aspirant career pursuant to thoroughly get the true facts and details about a particular profession and then select the suitable occupation which will effectively turn out to be in their best interests, likes and which correlate to their natural abilities, interests and aptitude. Since; now there are lots of innovation and new applications of modern day professional life have emerged up by which any individual can better adopt and apply his/her talent and productive capabilities to the fullest and which they can exert their own freedom of expression and aptitude, thus become a productive human capital for the family, society and country. Lastly, the advice from a career counselor plays a directive role in choosing the best, suitable and accurate career in accordance to an individual’s way of thinking, aptitude, talent, capability, competence and interests.


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